Bsc 1st Year Ecology Practical File

Today’s in this Article I’ll Share BSc 1st Year Ecology Practical File and Syallabus Of Principles of Ecology with You. If you are a student Of Bsc ( Bachelor Of Science) then read 📖 out this article till End, this will be very useful for You All.

You Can Also View And Download This Pdf File In Just One Click. First Of All You Can Take an Overview Of This Pdf and at the end of this article You’ll find Download Link To Download BSc 1st Year Ecology Practical File.

Course Learning Objective

Bsc 1st Year Ecology Practical File

The primary aim of the syllabus is to sensitize the students about the paramount role and importance of nature. The study of Ecology imparts us the knowledge about the judicious use of existing ecological resources for sustainable development. Ecology is the only branch of science which briefs us on the ways and means of living with nature for mutual benefit. Study of ecology will provide students opportunity to understand its practical aspects and helps them
to solve many contemporary ecological issues such as global warming, land degradation, habitat loss, desertification and pollution etc. The hands-on experiences of laboratory will also enable students to understand the ecosystem and ecology in a better way.

Course Learning Outcome

Upon completion of the course, students should be able to:

  1. Demonstrate an understanding of key concepts in ecology with emphasis on historical perspective, role of physical factors and concept of limiting factors.
  2. Comprehend the population characteristics, dynamics, growth models and interactions.
  3. Understand the community characteristics, ecosystem development and climax theories.
  4. Know about the types of ecosystems, food chains, food webs, energy models, and ecological efficiencies.
  5. Apply the basic principles of ecology in wildlife conservation and management.
  6. Inculcate scientific quantitative skills, evaluate experimental design, read graphs, and analyse and use information available in scientific literature.


Unit1: Introduction to Ecology

History and Scope of ecology, Autecology and synecology, Laws of limiting factors, Study of physical factors: Temperature and Light

(Chapter 1: Smith, R. L.; Chapter 1 and 5: Odum, E.P.; Chapter 1 and 5: Odum, E. P. and G.
W. Barrette)

Unit 2: Population

Unitary and Modular populations; Unique and group attributes of population: Density, natality, mortality, life tables, fecundity tables, survivorship curves, age ratio, sex ratio, dispersal and dispersion; Exponential and logistic growth, equation and patterns, r and k strategies, Population regulation; Density-dependent and independent factors; Population interactions; Gause’s Principle with laboratory and field examples; Lotka-Volterra equation for competition and predation; Functional and numerical responses

(Chapter 17, 18, 19, 20, 22 and 23: Smith, R. L.; Chapter 6 and 7: Odum, E. P. and G. W.

Unit 3: Community

Community characteristics: species richness, dominance, diversity, abundance, Guilds, Ecotone and edge effect; Ecological succession with examples and types; Theories pertaining to climax community.

(Chapter 28 and 30: Smith, R. L.; Chapter 7: Odum, E. P. and G. W. Barrette)

Unit 4: Ecosystem

Types of ecosystems with detailed study of any one: Forest Ecosystem, Pond or Lake
ecosystem, Mangrove and Coral reef ecosystem. Vertical stratification in Forest and Aquatic ecosystem, Food chain: Detritus and grazing food chains, Linear and Y-shaped food chains, Food web, Energy flow through the ecosystem, Ecological pyramids and Ecological efficiencies, Nutrient and biogeochemical cycle with one example of Nitrogen cycle

(Chapter 10, 11 and 12: Smith, R. L.; Chapter 2 and 4: Odum, E. P. and G. W. Barrette)

Unit 5: Applied Ecology

Ecology in wildlife conservation and management, Biodiversity types, Importance & threats, Protected areas: National Parks, Bioreserves and Sanctuaries, Restoration ecology, Global climate change and its mitigation

(Chapters 1 and 3: Saha and Mazumdar)

Topics To Be Covered

  1. Measurement of the surface area of a pond (laboratory conditions).
  2. Estimation of temperature and pH of pond water under (laboratory Situation).
  3. Determination of turbidity of pond water.
  4. Study of Aquatic ecosystem- Abiotic and Biotic Components.
  5. Estimation of free carbon dioxide in given water sample.
  6. Estimation of dissolved oxygen content of water by modified winkler’s method.

Preview Of Bsc 1st Year Ecology Practical File.


Recommended Books:

  1. Odum, E.P. (2008). Fundamentals of Ecology. Indian Edition. Brooks/Cole.
  2. Smith, R. L. (2000). Ecology and field biology. Harper and Row publisher.

Important Note 🗒

If You Want The Pdf Of The Above two books i.e Odum, E.P. (2008). Fundamentals of Ecology. Indian Edition. Brooks/Cole.
And Smith, R. L. (2000). Ecology and field biology. Harper and Row publisher, then please comment below Or Join My Telegram Group, due to some limitations of Google I’ll not Provide these Books Here. You can also directly Message me on Instagram or Contact Us By Contact Us Page.

Teaching and Learning Process

The course involves four hours each of classroom teaching and laboratory activity per week. Classroom work would include lectures based on textbook and scientific journal readings. Lectures will consist of traditional board teaching as well as power point presentations. Learning process will also include participatory activities like focused group discussions, presentations by students, experience sharing, brainstorming and project writing. Field trip activities to National parks and Eco-parks would complement and enhance understanding of
the course concepts and information about the wildlife and its conservation. Laboratory work will provide students the first hands-on experience for better understanding of the subject.

Assessment Methods

  1. Evaluation will determine the extent to which the students demonstrate desired learning outcomes.
  2. Multiple assessment methods will be used as evaluation criteria which include continuous assessment, assignments, tests, class presentations and mock tests.
  3. Project writing based on leanings from field trips will also be held for comparative evaluation of students.

Also Read 📖

  1. Bsc 1st Year Chemistry Practical File
  2. निर्मला उपन्यास का सारांश – Summary Of Novel Nirmala By प्रेमचन्द

Download The Practical Files

Previous Year Question Paper


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Frequently Asked Questions

How Much Marks Practical Carry In 1st semester In BSC ZOOLOGY?

Fifty Marks.

Name Of The paper.

Principle Of Ecology

From where I Can Bought the Above two books?

It is available on Amazon and Flipkart.

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